Iron Deficiency Anemia, All you need to know!

Iron Deficiency Anemia, All you need to know!

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anemia worldwide…It starts as normocytic anemia (normal MCV) and then shifts into microcytic anemia (low MCV).
Causes include decreased supply (a nutritional deficiency, malabsorption syndrome) or increased demand (pregnancy, lactation, growth), blood loss is also a common cause (menstruation or gastrointestinal bleeding).

Clinical symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include pica, glossitis, achlorhydria (indigestion), fatigue, pallor, exercise intolerance, flow murmurs, and even angina.

Restless leg syndrome is associated with iron deficiency anemia.

Anemia can be classified as microcytic (low MCV; or mean corpuscular volume), normocytic (normal MCV) and macrocytic (High MCV).

The normal MCV level is about 76 to 96 fL.

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(Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for physician medical licensing exam review purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should consult your physician or seek immediate medical attention.)

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