வாதத்துக்கான ஊட்டச்சத்து மேலாண்மை
Nutrition management is fundamental for the prevention of type 2 diabetes and effective management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The aim is for people with diabetes to obtain the knowledge, skills and confidence to make appropriate food choices to reduce risk, improve glycaemic control and quality of life.
With new diagnostic criteria anticipated to increase the number of people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK by a third, structured evidence-based dietary education will be an effective way to save on medical costs for prescription medicine.1
Nutrition therapy has led to reductions in HbA1c of 1-2 per cent in people with newly diagnosed and existing type 2 diabetes.2 Dietary interventions can improve glycaemic control whilst also halting and even reversing progression of beta-cell failure and insulin resistance, thus reducing medication use in type 2 diabetes.3-5 Nutrition therapy can result in reduced health service utilisation and costs, and the savings may actually exceed the cost of providing the service.1,6
Intensive nutrition therapy has resulted in weight loss and improved glycaemic control at six months,5 12 months3 and four years.7 When insulin resistance dominates, weight loss is an effective strategy that increases insulin sensitivity, improving glycaemic control.